explain the difference between linguistic description and prescription
Give an example of an icon that we have not discussed in class. Why is it an icon and not a symbol?
Give an example of a symbol that we have not discussed in class. Why is it a symbol and not an icon?
Write out a sentence in English. What is the syntagmatic dimension? What is the paradigmatic dimension for some piece of the sentence?
What is the difference between alphabetic and logographic writing systems?
Name a language with a logographic writing system.
Why do linguists generally focus more on speech than writing? Give at least two reasons.
What is the difference between a phone, an allophone, and a phoneme?
What is a minimal pair?
In your own words, how do you decide whether two sounds are allophones of the same phoneme or different phonemes?
Write out minimal pairs for each of the following contrasting phonemes in English:
Explain difference between phonemic, broad phonetic and narrow phonetic transcription?
Which one(s) use [ ]?
Which one(s) use / /?
What does it mean to say two sounds contrast in a language?
Allophones of a phoneme are non-contrastive. They can be non-contrastive in two ways. What are those two ways?
What is the difference between these two ways to be non-contrastive?
IN YOUR OWN WORDS, write out what each of these design features of language mean.
• Cultural transmission