Chapter 9: E9-6, E9-11, P9-1A, P9-5A
SY Telc has recently started the manufacture of RecRobo, a three-wheeled robot that can scan a home for fires and gas leaks and then transmit this information to a mobile phone. The cost structure to manufacture 20,000 RecRobo’s is as follows.
|Direct materials ($40 per robot)||$ 800,000|
|Direct labor ($30 per robot)||600,000|
|Variable overhead ($6 per robot)||120,000|
|Allocated fixed overhead ($25 per robot)||500,000|
SY Telc is approached by Chen Inc. which offers to make RecRobo for $90 per unit or $1,800,000.
- (a) Using incremental analysis, determine whether SY Telc should accept this offer under each of the following independent assumptions.
- (1) Assume that $300,000 of the fixed overhead cost can be reduced (avoided).
- (2) Assume that none of the fixed overhead can be reduced (avoided). However, if the robots are purchased from Chen Inc., SY Telc can use the released productive resources to generate additional income of $300,000.
- (b) Describe the qualitative factors that might affect the decision to purchase the robots from an outside supplier.
Twyla Enterprises uses a computer to handle its sales invoices. Lately, business has been so good that it takes an extra 3 hours per night, plus every third Saturday, to keep up with the volume of sales invoices. Management is considering updating its computer with a faster model that would eliminate all of the overtime processing.
|Current Machine||New Machine|
|Original purchase cost||$15,000||$25,000|
|Accumulated depreciation||$ 6,000||—|
|Estimated annual operating costs||$24,000||$18,000|
|Useful life||5 years||5 years|
If sold now, the current machine would have a salvage value of $5,000. If operated for the remainder of its useful life, the current machine would have zero salvage value. The new machine is expected to have zero salvage value after five years.
Should the current machine be replaced?
Pro Sports Inc. manufactures basketballs for the National Basketball Association (NBA). For the first 6 months of 2008, the company reported the following operating results while operating at 90% of plant capacity and producing 112,500 units.
|Cost of goods sold||3,600,000|
|Selling and administrative expenses||450,000|
|Net income||$ 450,000|
Fixed costs for the period were: cost of goods sold $1,080,000, and selling and administrative expenses $225,000.
In July, normally a slack manufacturing month, Pro Sports receives a special order for 10,000 basketballs at $28 each from the Italian Basketball Association (IBA). Acceptance of the order would increase variable selling and administrative expenses $0.50 per unit because of shipping costs but would not increase fixed costs and expenses.
- (a) Prepare an incremental analysis for the special order.
- (b) Should Pro Sports Inc. accept the special order? Explain your answer.
- (c) What is the minimum selling price on the special order to produce net income of $4.10 per ball?
- (d) What nonfinancial factors should management consider in making its decision?
Lewis Manufacturing Company has four operating divisions. During the first quarter of 2008, the company reported aggregate income from operations of $176,000 and the following divisional results.
|Cost of goods sold||200,000||189,000||300,000||250,000|
|Selling and administrative expenses||65,000||60,000||60,000||50,000|
|Income (loss) from operations||$(15,000)||$(49,000)||$140,000||$100,000|
Analysis reveals the following percentages of variable costs in each division.
|Cost of goods sold||70%||90%||80%||75%|
|Selling and administrative expenses||40||70||50||60|
Discontinuance of any division would save 50% of the fixed costs and expenses for that division.
Top management is very concerned about the unprofitable divisions (I and II). Consensus is that one or both of the divisions should be discontinued.
- (a) Compute the contribution margin for Divisions I and II.
(a) I $84,000
- (b) Prepare an incremental analysis concerning the possible discontinuance of (1) Division I and (2) Division II. What course of action do you recommend for each division?
- (c) Prepare a columnar condensed income statement for Lewis Manufacturing, assuming Division II is eliminated. Use the CVP format. Division II’s unavoidable fixed costs are allocated equally to the continuing divisions.
(c) Income III $133,850
- (d) Reconcile the total income from operations ($176,000) with the total income from operations without Division II.